절하는 법

The full bow is offered by Buddhists towards one of the Sambo (Three Treasures). It is often used during ceremonies and to offer devotion towards a Buddhist icon inside a temple building.

The Korean full bow traces its lineage to a style of bow used in India in which the main point is to touch the floor or ground with five parts of the body, namely the head, legs/feet, arms/hands, chest, and abdomen. While the Korean version also involves touching the floor or ground with five body parts, the parts differ. They are as follows:

1) Left elbow
2) Right elbow
3) Left knee
4) Right knee
5) Forehead
The full bow is a demonstration of limitless respect and self-abnegation that one offers towards the Three Treasures with a pure mind cleansed of arrogance and hauteur. The performance of the full bow is illustrated in the accompanying pictures.

It is customary to perform a number of full bows in sequence. A series of three bows is most commonly offered by individuals visiting a temple upon entering a hall enshrining a Buddha icon, but on other occasions or as an expression of sincere devotion a series of 7, 21, 108, 1080, or 3000 full bows may be offered. Whether three or three thousand, the last bow is of a special sort known as the "kodu." In this, the lowest position of the full bow, at which the forehead is to the floor, is held slightly longer than usual, while the two hands, slightly in front of the head, are turned palms upward as if to receive something. The meaning of the action is, in fact, precisely this: that one is now prepared to receive the precious teaching of Buddha with both hands.